Al'umma

Tarihi: Yadda sabani kan Shugabanci ya kai ga Kafuwar Shi’a da Sunna

Magajin Annabi Muhammadu (Tsira da amincin Allah su tabbata a gare shi) shine babban batu da ya raba al’ummar musulmi zuwa kashi da dama a karni na farko na tarihin Musulunci, inda mafi shahara a cikin wadannan mazhabobi su ne rassan Musulunci na Shi’a da Sunna.

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Bayan rasuwar Muhammadu (S.A.W) a shekara ta 632, wasu gungun Musulmai sun yi imani cewa Abu-Bakr, abokin Annabi (S.A.W) na kusa ya kamata ya zama Halifa na farko. Wannan ita ce mahangar Ahlus-Sunnah. Wasu tsiraru sun yi imanin cewa Ali, surukin Annabi (S.A.W) ya kamata ya jagoranci al’umma.

An san wadannan musulmi na bangaren Ali da sunan Shi’a, wanda ke nufin ‘Jam’iyyar Ali’. A karshe aka nada Abubakar Halifa na farko. Tun da farko Ali bai yi mubaya’a ga Abubakar ba. Bayan ‘yan watanni, kuma bisa ga akidar Sunna da Shi’a, Ali ya canza ra’ayin shi ya yarda da Abubakar, domin ya kiyaye dunkulewar sabuwar daular Musulunci.

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Rarraba tsakanin ‘yan Sunna da Shi’a ita ce mafi girma kuma mafi dadewa a tarihin Musulunci. Membobin ƙungiyoyin biyu sun kasance tare har tsawon ƙarni kuma suna yin imani da ayyuka masu yawa. Amma sun bambanta a koyarwa, al’ada, shari’a, tiyoloji da tsarin addini.

Kalmar ‘Sunni’ tana da alaqa da kalmar larabci Sunnah kuma tana nufin ‘mabiya Sunnar Annabi ko hadisai’. Ahlus-Sunnah su ne mafi rinjayen musulmin duniya. Kalmar ‘Shi’ah’ ta fito ne daga jumlar da ke nufin ‘mabiya Ali’. Ali shi ne surukin Annabi kuma kaninsa.

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