Tarihi: Wane Ne Imamul Bukhari?

Cikakken sunan shi Imamul Bukhari shi ne, Abu Abdullah Mohammed bin Ismail Al-Bukhari, kuma an haife shi a shekara ta 194 bayan hijira (8100 AD) a Bukhara.

Bukhara na daya daga cikin garuruwan kasar Uzbekistan a yanzu.

Mahaifin Imamul ya rasu yana karami, kuma mahaifiyar shi ta rene shi a matsayin maraya, wadda ta ba shi tarbiyya mai kyau, kuma ya taka rawar gani wajen kara soyayya da sha’awar kimiyya.

Tun yana yaro yana da wata cuta a idanuwansa wanda hakan ya sa ya ji tsoron rasa ganinsa, amma ya warke. Ya kasance mai hazaka tun yana yaro kuma yana da karfin tunani, daya daga cikin halayen da suka taimaka masa daga baya wajen tarin zantuka da ayyukan Annabi (Hadisai).

A lokacin kuruciyarsa ya haddace Alkur’ani mai girma, ya kuma koyi tushen addini. Ya haddace dubunnan Hadisai tun yana karami.

Yanayin Bukhara wanda a lokacin yana daya daga cikin cibiyoyin ilimi shi ma ya taimaka masa. Ya halarci tarurrukan da masana kimiyya da malaman addini akai-akai.

Yana da shekaru 16, ya yi tafiya tare da mahaifiyarsa da ɗan’uwansa Ahmed zuwa Makkah don yin aikin hajji kuma ya zauna a can don ƙarin ilimi. Ya ci gaba da zama a birnin mai alfarma na tsawon shekaru shida, ya fara tattara hadisai.

Sannan ya zagaya kasashe da dama bisa wannan dalili, tun daga Bagadaza har zuwa Kufa, Damascus, Masar, Khorasan da sauransu, ya yi karatu ba tare da gajiyawa ba da kokarin tattara hadisai masu yawa.

An ce bai rubuta ko daya daga cikinsu ba har sai da ya yi alwala (haka Musulunci na wanke sassan jiki, nau’in tsarkakewa) da salla raka’a biyu (raka’a daya na sallar Musulunci).

Labarin rubucinsa na “Al-Jama’ah al-Sahih” ko “Sahihul Bukhari”, wanda shi ne littafi na farko da aka keɓe a cikin ingantacciyar hanya kuma ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin hujjar himma, ikhlasi da hankali. Ya kwashe shekaru 166 ana balaguron tsakanin kasashe.

Dangane da abin da ya jawo wannan tunani, Bukhari da kansa ya ambace ta, yana mai cewa: “Na kasance tare da Ishaq Ibn Rahawi, a lokacin da yake cewa: “Idan kun tattaro wani takaitaccen littafi kan ingantattun ka’idojin Annabi Muhammad Manzon Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Don haka ina son wannan ra’ayin kuma na fara tattara “Al-Jama’ah Al Sahih” Ibn Rahawi yana daya daga cikin malamai kuma malaman Al-Bukhari, daya daga cikin malaman Nishapur.

Bai yi gaggawar buga littafin ba, ya yi tazarce, bita-daki-dski da bincike har sai da ya fito da na karshe ya hada da hadisai 7,275 da Bukhari ya zabo daga cikin 600,000 da ya samu, inda ya yi aiki tukuru wajen duba ruwayoyi a ciki.

Ya gindaya sharuddan karbar kissar maruwaicin hadisi, wanda ya dace da wadanda suka ruwaito shi, da kuma jin magana daga cikin mutum da kansa, ban da: amana, da adalci, da tarbiyya, da kwarewa, da ilimi. da gaskiya.