Yadda Aka Ƙirƙiri Cibiya Daular Usmaniyya Ta Sakkwato

Sabanin mafi yawan jahohi da garuruwan tarayyar Najeriya a yau wadanda suka samo asali daga ayyukan yan mulkin mallaka, jihar Sakkwato ta banbanta a ma’ana, kasancewar ta samo asali ne daga dakarun Jihadin 1804 a kasar Hausa wanda ya kai ga kafa halifanci tun kafin zuwan turawan mulkin mallaka.

Abin da ya kamata a lura da shi, shine, a shekara ta 1810 ko makamancin haka, Danfodiyo da hakimansa sun samu cikakken iko a duk fadin kasar Hausa.

Bayan janyewarsa daga gudanar da harkokin sabuwar daular da aka samu, Sheikh Fodio ya raba ta gida biyu; ya sanya yankin Gabas da Gwandu a matsayin hedkwatarsa a karkashin dan uwansa Abdullahi Fodiyo, bangaren Yamma kuma Sokoto a matsayin hedikwatarsa karkashin dansa Mohammed Bello na 17.

Mulki biyu na daular ya cigaba a karkashin zuriyar wadannan mutane har zuwa shekara ta 1903, lokacin da aka ayyana daukacin arewacin Najeriya da yankin Najeriya a matsayin matsugunin Burtaniya sakamakon rasuwar Sultan Attahiru.

Har ya zuwa yau, kamar yadda muka gani a baya, Khalifancin Sakkwato ya sami Sarakuna guda ashirin a jere, kuma an nuna su a cikin jadawalin da ke ƙasa.

Jerin Sarakunan Sakkwato daga 1804 – 2014

Sunaye: Waziri Junaidu, Taskar Tarihi da Al’adu, Sokoto, Jahar Sokoto. J. A. Burdon, “Tarihin Sokoto: Tables of Dates and Genealogy” a cikin Journal of the Royal African Society, Vol 6, N 24. nd.