Tarihin Rikicin Isra’ila Da Falasɗinawa A Taƙaice

Hamas, kamar kungiyoyi da yawa a Gabas ta Tsakiya, suna jin haushin ƙirƙirar ƙasar Isra’ila bayan yakin duniya na biyu, wani abu da manyan kasashen yammacin duniya suka tallata.

Sun yi imanin cewa an saci yankin yadda ya kamata daga hannun masu hakki da mamaya – al’ummar Palasdinu.

“Nakba” ko “mummunan bala’i” na nufin korar Falasdinawa kimanin 750,000 da karfi daga gidajensu a lokacin da aka kafa Isra’ila a shekara ta 1948. Falasdinawa suna kallon hakan a matsayin wani muhimmin bangare na asalinsu. A lokacin yakin Larabawa da Isra’ila a shekara ta 1948, wasu mayakan yahudawa sun kashe fararen hula Falasdinawa, inji jaridar Haaretz ta Isra’ila.

Isra’ilawa suna ganin wannan lokacin daban. Bayan kisan kiyashi, dubban daruruwan Yahudawa sun nemi mafaka a sabuwar kasar Isra’ila da aka kafa domin kare kansu. Sun kwashe shekaru da dama suna yin hijira zuwa Ottoman- sannan kuma a karkashin mulkin Birtaniyya.

Magoya bayan Isra’ila sun ce yankin shi ne mahaifar kakannin yahudawa, wadanda suka yi gudun hijira sakamakon mamayar da Daular Babila ta yi sama da shekaru 2,500 da suka wuce da kuma mamaye yankin da Romawa suka yi.

A cikin shekaru da dama da suka biyo bayan kirkiro ta, Isra’ila ta yi yakin yaƙe-yaƙe da dama kuma ta kai ga mamaye Yammacin Kogin Jordan da Gaza – akasin yadda Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta ayyana a 1947.

An kirkiro Hamas ne a shekarar 1987 a lokacin The First Intifada, wani boren nuna adawa da mamayar da Isra’ila ke yi a Yammacin Gabar Kogin Jordan da Gaza.

Yayin da Isra’ila ta fice daga Gaza a shekara ta 2005, har yanzu tana mamaye Gabashin Kudus da mafi yawan Yammacin Gabar Kogin Jordan – saboda matsayinta a yammacin kogin Jordan.

Isra’ila ta kafa matsugunan yahudawa da dama a duk fadin kasar – wadanda a baya kwamitin sulhu na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya yi suka a matsayin “ketare dokokin kasa da kasa”.

Gaza, a halin yanzu, Hamas ce ke kula da shi – amma a cikin tsauraran matakan hana motsi daga Isra’ila. Hamas ba ta gudanar da zabe ba tun shekara ta 2006 kuma Amurka, Birtaniya da EU sun ayyana kungiyar ta ta’addanci saboda gwagwarmayar da take yi da Isra’ila.