Al'umma

Mexico: Tarihin garin ‘Yanga’ ɗan Afrika ya kafa

YANGA, wani gari ne a cikin kasar Mexico, kimanin awa daya na tafiya daga Veracruz, kauye an mamaye shine kuma aka mayar da shi gari wanda wani bakar fata dan Afrika da yayi yaƙi don fita daga hanyar bauta daga kudancin Amurka kuma ya tsere zuwa Mexico.

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Wannan garin ya kasance mafaka ga wadanda suka tsere daga bauta a Amurka kuma mutumin da ake kira Yanga ya zama shugabansu.

Lokacin da ƙarshen cinikin bayin da ke tsakanin tekun Atlantika ya zama ‘ba zai yuwu ba.’ Yanga ɗan Afirka ne daga Angola, cikin waɗanda aka yi garkuwa da su aka sayar da su a matsayin bayi a cikin Amurka a lokacin cinikin bayi na uku, da ke ƙetare tekun Atlantika, Turai da ke da girma a ƙarni na 16 AZ, tun daga shekarun baya na baya.

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An sanya wa garin sunansa kuma mutum-mutuminsa sun nuna fasalin Africoid. Amma abin ban sha’awa, ba duka mutanen garin ba ne suke kama da mutumin da aka zana ta hanyar sassaka ba.

Nazarin yawan jama’a ya nuna ƙarni na ƙara cunkoso na mutane daban-daban, masu nuni ga ‘yan Afirka, Mutanen Espanya da ƴan asalin da suka mallaki yankin daga zamanin da.

Yan Afirka sun kasance yanki na Amurka tun 1312/13. Wato kimanin shekaru 180 kafin Italiyanci, Cristobal Colonand (Columbus) ya yi tuntuɓe a tsibirin Hispaniola yayin da yake neman hanyar yammacin teku zuwa Asiya.

Lokacin da Columbus ya isa tsibiran a lokacin tafiya ta biyu, yayi rubutu game da baƙar fata da suka zo a da a cikin manyan jiragen ruwa daga Kudu-maso-gabas, kamar yadda ’yan ƙasar suka gaya masa.

Columbus ya rubuta a cikin littafin tarihinsa cewa waɗannan mutanen da suke fata sun kasance ‘baƙar fata kamar kwalta.’

A shekara ta 1332, Abubakari, sarkin daular Mali a yammacin Afirka, ya tashi da jiragen ruwa 2000 zuwa nahiyar Amurka. Ya bar daular a hannun Kankau Musa (Mansa Musa) bai dawo ba.

Binciken da aka tona ya nuna mutum-mutumin sarautar negroid a cikin bincikenkayan tarihi. Ana adana waɗannan kayan tarihi a gidan kayan tarihi na Mexico.

Daga cikin abubuwan da aka gano har da wani zane-zane da ke nuna wani mayaki na yammacin Afirka akan doki. Irin waɗannan mayaka sun kasance ruwan dare a lokacin Mali da daular Songhai a tsakiyar tsakiyar Afirka.

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