Ƙabilar Pygmy: Ƙabilar Dake Da Gajerun Mutane Sosai A Duniya

A ilimin halin dan adam, mutanen pygmy kabilu ne wadanda matsakaicin tsayinsu gajere ne.

An yi amfani da kalmar pygmyism don bayyana nau’in ɗan gajeren tsayi (kamar yadda ya sabawa dwarfism mara kyau da ke faruwa a cikin keɓancewar yanayi a cikin yawan jama’a), yawan mutanen maza masu girma suke da matsakaicin tasyi kasa da 150 cm (4 ft 11 in).

Mutanen suna zaune a yankunan kudanci na Africa ta tsakiya da arewacin Kongo-Brazaville. Abincinsu ya dogara ne akan abinci da aka tattara, galibi dawa, da farauta. Aka ba da ɗan lokaci ko kaɗan don noma abinci na shuka, kuma cin abincin noma yayi karanci gare su da.

Suna rayuwa ne ta hanyar kamun kifi da tarko. Arewacin Kongo, a dajin yammacin kogin Ubangi, su ne Babinga. Wannan kuma wata ƙungiya ce ta pygmoid, amma watakila saboda kamanceceniya na mazaunin sun sami ƙarin halaye na al’adu tare da Pygmies na dajin Ituri.

Masu bincike a al’adance sun ayyana pygmies a matsayin yawan mutanen da ke da matsakaicin tsayin manya maza waɗanda ba su wuce santimita 155 ba, ko kusan ƙafa 5, inch 1.