Kimiyya

Jiragen sama na yaƙi (8) mafi haɗari a duniya [Hotuna]

Rundunar sojan sama wani muhimmin bangare ne na kowane sojan sama ya ba da kariya ga sojojin da ke kasa a lokutan kai wa makiya farmaki.

Abu mafi mahimmanci shi ne, jiragen yakin sun zama tilas ga duk wata kasa da ke son tabbatar da ikon sararin samaniyar ta da kuma tabbatar da matsayin ta a matsayin kasa mai karfin soji a duniya.

Mun kawo jerin sunayen jiragen sama na yaƙi 8 mafi hatsari a duniya.

1. Lockheed Martin F-35 Lighting II: Lighting F-35 II shine na ƙarni na biyar kacal a duniya.

Matsakaicin ƙarfin da damar ɓoyewa tare da haɗaɗɗen fakitin firikwensin da makami na zamani suna ba F-35 fa’ida ta dabara akan duk sauran jiragen saman yaƙi.

Mayaƙin mai kujera ɗaya na ɗauke da makamai iri-iri irin su Sidewinder da Storm Shadow, da kuma Ƙungiyar Haɗin Kai kai tsaye.

Lockheed Martin shine babban ɗan kwangila na F-35, yayin da manyan abokan haɗin gwiwa sun haɗa da Northrop Grumman, BAE Systems da Pratt & Whitney.

2. Chengdu J-20: Chengdu J-20 wani jirgin sama ne na ƙarni na biyar, mai kujera ɗaya, tagwayen inji mai sarrafa kansa wanda rukunin masana’antu na Chengdu Aircraft Group ya ƙera don gudanar da ayyukan yaƙin iska na sojojin sama na ‘yantar da jama’a.

Jirgin yana da matsuguni guda takwas da mashigin makamai na cikin gida wanda zai iya ɗaukar nau’ikan makamai masu linzami marasa gani da gajere daga iska zuwa iska, gami da PL-12C/D mai tsayi da kuma PL-21 makamai masu linzami na iska zuwa iska.

Har ila yau, tana dauke da makamai masu linzami daga iska zuwa sama, bama-bamai masu sarrafa Laser, da makami mai linzami. J-20 yana da nau’in fuselage mai gauraya, daidaitawar canard delta, ƙananan injunan injin jet da tsarin ci-gaba na tashi-da-waya.

3. Boeing F-15E Strike Eagle: Wannan babban mayakin hari ne na zamani na gaba. An ƙera shi azaman zuriyar jirgin F-15A/D na farko, F-15E shine ƙashin bayan Rundunar Sojan Sama na Amurka a yau.

F-15E na iya ɗaukar nauyin nauyin nauyin 23,000 wanda ya haɗa da haɗin gwiwar kai tsaye harin Munition, AGM-130 Standoff Weapon System, AIM-120 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile, AIM-9X Sidewinder da kuma nau’in bama-bamai.

4. Jirgin yaki HAL Tejas: HAL Tejas wani jirgin yaki ne na Indiya wanda ya maye gurbin MiG-21 da sojojin saman Indiya ke amfani da shi tun 1964. Matukan jirgin na yabawa HAL Tejas saboda iya karfinsu.

Kwanan nan an fara kera jirgin saman jirgin Indiya na ƙarni na huɗu yayin da shirin ke ƙoƙarin samun amincewar aiki.

HAL Tejas yana da haske sosai kuma yana da fuka-fuki da ke ba matukan jirgi damar sarrafa shi yayin tuƙi mai ƙarfi. Indiya kuma tana ci gaba da haɓaka mayakanta, tare da kowane sabon rukunin HAL Tejas yana samun sabbin abubuwan ci gaba.

5. McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagles: McDonnell Douglas ya ƙera shi kuma daga baya Boeing, F-15 yana kan samarwa. Duk da an isar da shi sama da shekaru 35 da suka gabata, F-15 har yanzu ana daukarsa a matsayin mayaka mai karfin gaske a cikin iska.

Sabuwar F-15 Eagle bambance-bambancen ana kiranta sabon jirgin saman F-15EX. Amurka ta ci gaba da samar da ita ta hanyar amfani da abubuwa daga jiragen yaki na ƙarni na biyar don kare sararin samaniyarta. Yana iya ɗaukar har zuwa 22 makamai masu linzami daga iska zuwa iska kuma yana fasalta sabbin kayan yaƙi na lantarki.

6. Dassault Rafale: Yana iya tsangwama da yaki da wasu jiragen sama, kai hari a kasa da teku. Bugu da kari, za ta iya gudanar da ayyukan leken asiri har ma da daukar makaman kare dangi.

Yayin da rundunar sojojin saman Faransa ke neman sabbin jiragen da za su maye gurbin jiragen da suke amfani da su a halin yanzu, Faransa ta amince da kulla yarjejeniya da wasu kasashen Turai domin rage tsadar kayayyaki.

Lokacin da rashin jituwa ya taso, Faransa ta yanke shawarar haɓaka nata mayaka – Rafale. Wannan jirgin saman yaki mai ban mamaki ya fara aiki a cikin 2001 kuma tun daga lokacin an gane shi a matsayin daya daga cikin mafi kyawun jirgin sama na soja a duniya.

7. Eurofighter Typhoon: A cikin dukkan jiragen yaki masu hatsarin gaske a cikin jerin, tarihin Typhoon na daya daga cikin mafi ban sha’awa. Haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Airbus, BAE Systems da Leonardo sun haɓaka Typhoon. Bayan da aka fara ci gaba a cikin 1983, jirgin gwaji na farko na hukuma ya tashi a cikin 1994. Typhoon yana fama da jinkiri.

8. Lockheed Martin F-22 Bird of Prey: Jirgin yaki na farko na ƙarni na biyar a duniya, F-22 Raptor, ya shiga aiki a shekara ta 2005. Gwamnatin Amurka ta daina samar da Raptor a 2011. Lockheed ya ba da Raptor na ƙarshe ga USAF a 2012. 22 ya kasance majagaba.

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