Sakkwato: Cibiyar Khalifanci Mai Kofofin Tarihi 8

Jahar Sokoto “Kujerar Halifanci” tana da Ƙofar Daɗaɗɗe 8

Kofar Rini
Kofar Marke
Kofar Kade
Kofar Aliyu Jodi
Kofar Taramniya
Kofar Atiku
Kofar Kware
Kofar Dundaye

Kamar yadda al’ada ta zama ruwan dare a kasar Hausa kuma saboda yanayin tsaro a wancan lokacin, wanda ya haifar da kai hare-hare da takurar juna a tsakankanin al’adu daban-daban kamar yadda al’adar ta zama ruwan dare a kasar Hausa da kuma yanayin tsaro a wancan lokacin, wanda ya kai ga kai hare-hare da kai farmaki. A cikin al’ummomi daban-daban, Sarkin Musulmi na farko na Sakkwato, Muhammad Bello bin Usman bin Fodiyo, a shekara ta 1809, a matsayin tsarin kariya, ya ba da umarnin gina katanga da kofofi don karfafa birnin.

An kasu kashi biyu ne: Kofar Taramniya, Rini, Marke da Kware a shekarar 1814 aka kammala gina kofofi na biyu bayan da mahaifinsa Sheikh Usman bin Fodiyo ya koma Sokoto daga Sifawa.

Lokacin da Shehu ya isa Sakkwato a shekarar 1815, ya zauna a wajen birnin zuwa yamma; don haka ne Sarkin Musulmi Bello ya ba da umarnin a fadada birnin domin ya mamaye matsuguninsa, wanda hakan ke nufin za a fadada katangar ma. “Hakan ya kai ga sake gina wasu kofofi guda hudu, Kofar Dundaye, Kade, Aliyu Jodi da Atiku, a tsakanin shekarar 1815 zuwa 1818.” Inji Abdullahi Bukhari Sokoto a cikin littafinsa ‘Intellectual Foundation of Sokoto. Mulkin Muhammad Bello, kofofin an yi su ne da kusoshi, an kuma dunkule su tare da kusoshi, yayin da a zamanin Sarkin Musulmi Atiku ya ga akwai karfen da maƙera suka yi.

Kamar yadda Marigayi Waziri Junaidu ya fada a cikin littafinsa mai suna “TUH FATU SANIYYA BI TARIKH SOKOTO BAHIYA” kofa biyu daga cikin Kofar Kware da Kofar Dundaye an sanya wa kauyukan da suka jagoranta suna. Ya kara da cewa wasu mutane biyu suna da sunan kwamandan yaki a karkashin Sheikh bin Fodiyo, Aliyu Jodi da daya daga cikin ‘ya’yan mai neman sauyi, Atiku.

Ya kuma bayyana cewa sauran hudun an sanya sunayensu da wasu muhimman itatuwan tattalin arziki da suka hada da Kofar Taramniya ( itacen danko), Rini (bishiyar auduga farar alharini), Marke (bishiyar tauna) da Kade (bishiyar man shea). Ƙofofi takwas ɗin suna ƙarƙashin jagorancin Sarkin Kofa, wanda ke da amsa ga Sarkin Musulmi kuma yana da masu dako da ƴan leƙen asiri a ƙarƙashinsa. An ce sarautar gado ce, amma a cewar daraktan kula da al’adun gargajiya na ofishin tarihi na Waziri Junaidu Bello Hamisu, yanzu ba a nan. “Babu sauran SARKIN KOFA saboda ba a rufe kofofin; ma ba su da kofa,” inji shi.

Ya bayyana cewa wasu masana tarihi sun yi imanin cewa kofofin suna can tun kafin Sarki Muhammadu Bello, amma abin da aka fi yarda da shi shi ne cewa an yi su ne a zamaninsa.

An gina ƙofofin ne don ƙarfafa birnin domin an yi gaba sosai tsakanin masu jihadi da masarautar Gobir. “Yana daga cikin matakan tsaro don baiwa mayakan jihadi damar sanin wadanda ke shigowa cikin birnin. “Akwai takamaiman lokacin da za a rufe kofofin, bayan haka babu wanda aka yarda ya shiga ko barin garin,” “in ji shi. Shahararren masanin tarihi na Daular Sakkwato, Malam Sambo Wali Junaidu, ya shaida wa wakilinmu cewa an gina kowace kofofi guda takwas ne saboda wani dalili. Ya ce an raba garin zuwa tsohuwar da kuma sabuwar Sakkwato.

Ya bayyana cewa tsohuwar Sokoto tana karkashin tsohuwar masarautar Gobir ne kuma tana da kofofi takwas, wadanda suka hada da kofar Taramniya, dake kudancin birnin. Ya kara da cewa akwai wata kofa da ke yankin arewacin birnin, mai suna Kofar Kware, wanda ake kiransa da shi saboda akwai wani kauye mai suna Kware; da jama’arta, wadanda suka yi mubaya’a ga Sultan Bello, sun zo Sokoto domin yin sallar Juma’a ta kofar gida.

Kofar Rini da ke gabashin birnin Sultan Bello da jama’arsa ne suka yi amfani da shi a lokacin da za su je filin Idi.
Akwai wata kofa a gabashin birnin, mai suna Marke, wadda Bello ke amfani da ita a hanyarsa ta zuwa Wurno, wadda daya ce daga cikin cibiyoyin gudanar da mulki guda uku na Sarkin Musulmi.
Ya kara da cewa, daular khalifa a karkashin mulkin Sultan Bello tana da cibiyoyin gudanar da mulki guda uku, wato Sokoto, Wurno da Kauran Namoda, wanda yanzu haka yana cikin jihar Zamfara.

Kofar Marke tana da muhimmanci domin ita ce kofa ta karshe da Sultan Bello ya bi kuma bai dawo daga tafiya ba; Ya rasu a Wurno aka binne shi a can. Junaidu, masanin tarihin, mai shekaru 83 a duniya, ya shaida mana cewa, Kofar Dundaye da ke arewacin birnin an sanya wa wani kauye mai suna Dundaye, wanda ke kusa da wannan yanki. Ya ci gaba da bayyana cewa sabuwar Sokoto ta kasance a karkashin Kebbi. A lokacin da Shehu yake Sifawa ya kuduri aniyar komawa Sakkwato tare da mutanensa, sai ya sauka a wani waje da ke kudancin birnin, wanda ake kira Sabon Birni. Don haka ne Sultan Bello ya saye filayen noma a yankin ya fadada Sakkwato. “Bayan an fadada aikin, an sake gina wata kofa mai suna Kofar Aliyu Jodi. Jodi a matsayinsa na kwamandan yaƙi, kullum tana tare da Shehu.

An gina wasu kofofin – Kofar Atiku da Kofar Kade. Atiku dan Shehu ne yayin da Kade ke bishiya a yankin,” inji shi.
Ya ce akwai mutanen da suke kula da kofofin kuma duk suna karkashin Garo. Garo wani mukami ne da aka baiwa wani mai kula da kofofin birnin. Junaidu, ya yi nadamar cewa wannan lakabin bai wanzu ba, saboda dalilan da ba a san su ba. Ya ce wasu mabiya Sufaye sun yi imanin kofofin guda takwas ne da suka yi daidai da adadin kofofin shiga Aljanna, amma babu wata hujja ta tarihi da ta tabbatar da wannan ikirari. Akan ko akwai wani katanga da ke kewaye da tsohon birnin na Sakkwato, ya amsa da gaske, amma ya kara da cewa ya ruguje, kuma ba a iya gano shi.

Mun kuma samu cewa ƙofofin sun taimaka sosai wajen bincikar ƴan ta’addar domin tukwane da ƴan leƙen asiri a kodayaushe suna sa ido kan bayin da suka gudu da dabbobin da aka sace da kuma sace yara.
Nan take aka kai rahoto ga SARKIN DOGARAI, inda za a kama wadanda ake zargin tare da yi musu tambayoyi kafin a kai su ga Sarkin Musulmi domin ci gaba da daukar mataki. An ce mutanen da aka ba wa sarautar Ardon Shuni, Hakiman Dange da Tureta sukan bi ta Kofar Taramniya domin kai ziyara ko mubaya’a ga Sarkin Musulmi; Don haka Waziri Junaidu ya taba kwatanta kofar da “Jirgi ko jirgin Annabi Nuhu,” wanda ya ce an yi amfani da shi wajen ceto mutanen Sakkwato. Wasu malaman tarihi sun yi imanin cewa lokacin da Sokoto ta fada hannun sojojin Ingila, sun bi ta kofar Rini ne suka shiga cikin garin saboda babu wani jihadi da zai mayar da su baya.

An sake gina kofofin a shekarar 1992 a lokacin Sarkin Musulmi Ibrahim Dasuki. Wani mazaunin Kofar Kware, Malam Bello Tukur, ya shaida wa wakilinmu cewa, Fulani daga sassa daban-daban na kasar nan suna ziyartar kofar kofar a duk shekara a wani bangare na ibadar hajjin Hubbaren Shehu. “Yawanci suna zuwa da kwantena kuma su debo ruwa daga rafin da ke bayan ƙofar. Wasu daga cikinsu ma suna shan ciyawa a yankin don dalilai na ruhaniya, ” in ji shi. A cewar Tukur, mazauna unguwar suna gadin kofar gidan da barayin domin yana daga cikin gadon su. Ya kara da cewa an sake gina shi a zamanin Sarkin Musulmi Ibrahim Dasuki.

Wani mazaunin Sokoto, Malam Abdulmumini, ya shaida mana cewa Kofar Taramniya ita ce aka fi kallo da tsaro a baya domin ita ce kofar karshe ta zuwa fadar Sarkin Musulmi. Mitoci kadan ne zuwa fadar. Ko da yake an canza ta zuwa zagaye, har yanzu akwai wata kofa ta alama da ke nuna muhimmancinta. A cewar Abdulmumini, Kofar Taramniya ita ce babbar kofar birnin, kuma a da akwai SARKIN KOFA, wanda ke kula da ita da kuma tabbatar da cewa mutane sun biya haraji kafin a bar su su wuce.

Source: Daily Trust and Waziri Junaidu History Bureau, Sokoto