Hassan Katsina: Gwamnan Mulkin Soja Na Ƙarshe A Arewa

Hassan Usman Katsina wanda ya rayu daga (31 Maris 1933 zuwa 24 Yuli 1995), mai suna Chiroman Katsina, shi ne Gwamnan Arewacin Najeriya na karshe. Ya rike mukamin babban hafsan soji a lokacin yakin basasar Najeriya sannan ya zama mataimakin babban hafsan hafsoshin soji a hedikwatar koli.

An haifi Hassan Usman a ranar 31 ga Maris, 1933, a Katsina ga gidan sarautar Fulani na kabilar Sullubawa. Mahaifinsa Usman Nagogo shi ne Sarkin Katsina daga 1944 zuwa 1981. Kakansa Muhammadu Dikko shi ne Sarkin Katsina na 47 daga 1906 zuwa 1944.

Katsina ta yi karatu a Kwalejin Barewa. Daga nan ya wuce Kwalejin Fasaha, Kimiyya da Fasaha ta Najeriya da ke Zariya.

A shekarar 1956 Katsina ta shiga aikin sojan Najeriya. Da yake har yanzu sojoji suna ƙarƙashin ikon mulkin mallaka, ya sami horo a Makarantar Mons Officer Cadet da babbar Makarantar Soja ta Royal, Sandhurst. Bayan samun ‘yancin kai, Katsina ta kai matsayin soja. Ya jagoranci sojoji a Kano da Kaduna, kuma ya yi aiki a matsayin jami’in leken asiri a rikicin Kongo yana karbar lambar yabo ta Kongo. Ana yi masa kallon fitaccen kuma babban hafsan sojan Arewa, mai alaka da masu mulki.

Bayan juyin mulkin da aka yi a Najeriya a shekarar 1966, wanda ya yi sanadin rasuwar Firimiya Ahmadu Bello. Katsina ta zama Gwamnan Arewacin Najeriya. Ya yi aiki a matsayin ma’auni ga sojoji masu tsaurin ra’ayi a karkashin jagorancin Janar Murtala Mohammed, wadanda suka bukaci yankin ya balle bayan rasuwar Ahmadu Bello. Ya halarci juyin mulkin 1966 na Najeriya wanda ya hambarar da Janar Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi sannan ya kawo Janar Yakubu Gowon kan karagar mulki. Daga baya aka nada shi mamba a majalisar koli ta soja ta Najeriya.

Katsina ta shiga wani sabon matsayi da ke bukatar jagoranci mai karfi don kwantar da hankula sakamakon juyin mulkin da sojoji suka yi da kuma mutuwar fitattun shugabannin siyasar yankin. Gwamnatinsa ta ga kyamar kabilar Igbo ta tsananta, wanda ya haifar da kiyayyar kabilar Igbo a shekarar 1966, inda garuruwa da dama suka yi tashe-tashen hankula sakamakon juyin mulkin da ya yi sanadin mutuwar Ahmadu Bello tare da bullo da tsarin bai daya. na gwamnati. Da yawa daga cikin ’yan Arewa na fargabar wadannan abubuwan da ke faruwa na daga cikin makarkashiyar da aka kulla na samar da kasa ta kabilar Ibo.

Gwamnatinsa ta zabi ci gaba da ci gaban da Ahmadu Bello ya samu tare da kawo manyan ma’aikatan gwamnati a yankin wadanda suke da halayen gudanarwa da za su iya ci gaba da ci gaba. Manyan jigo a gwamnatinsa sun hada da Ibrahim Dasuki; wanda daga baya ya zama Sarkin Musulmi, Ali Akilu; wanda daga baya ya taka rawar gani wajen samar da jihohi a Najeriya, da Sunday Awoniyi. Haka kuma gwamnatinsa ta ga tasowar ‘yan Mafiya na Kaduna, sabbin ajin matasan Arewa masu ilimi, ma’aikatan gwamnati, da hafsoshin soja.

A cikin dan kankanin lokacin shugabancinsa, ya jagoranci Hukumar Kula da Ayyukan Gaggawa ta wucin gadi, hukumar da ta gudanar da aikin raba albarkatun gama-gari na yankin a cikin sabon tsarin mulki na siyasa da tattalin arziki wanda bai kamata ba. Katsina, ya kuma sake farfado da alakar siyasa da masarautu a matsayin wani tushe na goyon bayan sabuwar gwamnatinsa; kuma ya kusa sake gabatar da tsohon tsarin Gudanarwa na ‘yan ƙasa na tsarin mulkin mallaka, inda sarakuna suka taka muhimmiyar rawa.

A shekarar 1968 aka nada Janar Katsina a matsayin shugaban hafsan soji. A cikin wannan matsayi, ya jagoranci yakin ta hanyar ninka girman dakaru, tare da toshe kayan aiki ga Biafra, da kuma amfani da tallafin jiragen sama daga Jamhuriyar Larabawa. A 1970, ya shaida mika wuya na Biafra ga Najeriya ba tare da wani sharadi ba.

Bayan juyin mulkin da Najeriya ta yi a shekarar 1975, Janar Katsina ya yi ritaya daga aikin soja a matsayin babban hafsan soja mafi kwarewa a lokacin. Bayan ya yi ritaya, ya ki amincewa da nadin da gwamnati ta yi masa.[9] Janar Katsina ya samu karbuwa a cikin ajin soja yayin da ya jagoranci karin girma ga wasu matasan hafsoshi da suka jagoranci mulkin kama-karya na Soja a Najeriya.

Daga baya ya shiga harkar kafa kungiyoyin siyasa irin su jam’iyyar National Party of Nigeria da kuma kwamitin ‘yan kasa masu damuwa. Ya kuma kasance shugaban kungiyar Polo ta Najeriya, wadda mahaifinsa Sarki Usman Nagogo ya kasance shugaban rayuwa; kuma ya fara aikin Polo a Najeriya.

Janar Katsina ya rasu a ranar 24 ga Yuli 1995 a Kaduna.

Karin bayani:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hassan_Katsina