Borno: Tarihin Kafa Garin Kukawa

Kukawa ko (Kuka), birni ne kuma ƙaramar hukuma a jihar Borno a arewa maso gabashin Najeriya, kusa da tafkin Chadi.

An kafa garin ne a shekara ta 1814 a matsayin hedkwatar Daular Kanem-Bornu da babban malamin musulmi kuma jagoran yaki Muhammad al-Amin al-Kanemi ya kafa bayan faduwar Ngazargamu babban birnin da ya gabata. Garin yana da mahimmancin dabaru, kasancewarsa ɗaya daga cikin tashoshin kudanci na hanyoyin kasuwanci da ke ƙetare sahara zuwa Tripoli.

Bajamushe mai binciken Heinrich Barth ne ya ziyarci garin a shekara ta 1851 wanda ya iso daga Tripoli yana neman bude kasuwanci da Turai da binciken Afirka, sannan a shekara ta 1892 wani mai binciken Faransa Parfait-Louis Monteil, wanda ke duba iyakokin da ke tsakanin yankunan yammacin Afirka da aka ba shi. Faransa da Birtaniya. Sarkin yakin Sudan Rabih az-Zubayr ya kwace garin tare da kore shi a shekarar 1902.

A tarihi birnin ya fi na yau girma sosai, inda turawan mulkin mallaka suka kiyasta yawansu ya kai 50,000-60,000 a karshen karni na sha tara.

Garuruwan da ke cikin karamar hukumar Kukawa sun hada da Cross Kauwa da Baga, amma babu wani wuri da ake kira Kukawa sai karamar hukumar.

Tana daya daga cikin kananan hukumomi goma sha shida da suka kafa Masarautar Borno, jiha ce ta gargajiya dake jihar Bornon Najeriya.

A ranar 16 ga watan Janairun 2015, “Shugaban riko na karamar hukumar Kukawa Musa Alhaji Bukar Kukawa” da yake magana a madadin al’ummar Kukawa da suka rasa matsugunansu zuwa Maiduguri sakamakon kisan kiyashin da aka yi a Baga a shekarar 2015, ya yi kira ga gwamnatin tarayya da ta kara kaimi wajen aikin soji domin ganin an samu zaman lafiya. za su iya komawa gidajensu.” An yi kisan kiyashi a Kukawa a watan Yulin 2015.

Daruruwan ‘yan kabilar Kukawa ne kungiyar daular Musulunci ta ISWAP ta yi garkuwa da su a watan Agustan 2020. Mutane miliyan biyu a Borno sun yi hijira daga gidajensu cikin shekaru goma da suka gabata; da dama na rayuwa cikin mawuyacin hali a Maiduguri.

Magana:

Kemper, Steve (2012). Labyrinth na Masarautu: mil 10,000 Ta hanyar Musulunci ta Afirka. New York: W. W. Norton. shafi na 137-152. ISBN 978-0-393-07966-1.

J.D. Fage, ed. (1985). The Cambridge History of Africa, Volume 6. Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 9780521228039. An dawo da shi Yuni 3, 2014.

Emil Lenggel (Maris 2007). Dakar – Gidan Wuta na Hemispheres Biyu. KARANTA LITTAFAI, 2007. shafi 170ff. ISBN 978-1-4067-6146-7. An dawo 2010-10-11.

Najeriya (2000). Najeriya: jama’a sun hade, tabbas na gaba. Vol. 2, Binciken Jiha (Ed Millennium ed.). Abuja, Nigeria: Ma’aikatar Yada Labarai ta Tarayya. p. 106. ISBN 9780104089.

Hamza Idris da Yahaya Ibrahim. Najeriya: CBN, Nema sun kai wa wadanda harin Baga ya rutsa da su, da sauran su. Aminiya – allAfrica.com, Janairu 16, 2015

“Rundunar sojin Najeriya ta ce tana ci gaba da mamaye garin da aka yi garkuwa da su”. www.aljazeera.com. An dawo da Agusta 20, 2020.