Bala’o’i 10 Da Suka Girgiza Nahiyar Afrika A 2023

Hakika shekarar 2023 ta kasance wadda tazo da bala’o’i iri-iri ga nahiyar Afirka, inda wasu daga cikinsu suka kasance mafi muni da kasashe daban-daban suka gani cikin shekaru da dama.

A shekarar 2023 kasashen Afirka da dama sun fuskanci bala’o’i irinsu girgizar kasa, gobarar daji, guguwa, ambaliya da zabtarewar kasa wadanda suka yi sanadin asarar dubban rayuka da mummunan yanayi.

Arewa Times Hausa ta yi duba ga mafi munin al’amuran da suka girgiza nahiyar Afirka a shekarar 2023.

Girgizar Kasa Morocco

A ranar 8 ga watan Satumba, girgizar kasa mai karfin awo 6.8 ta afku a birnin Marrakech mai nisan kilomita 45 kudu maso yammacin kasar Maroko, inda sama da mazauna yankin 2,946 suka mutu, yayin da wasu fiye 5,674 suka samu raunuka, tare da lalata gidaje sama da 50,000, a cewar Cibiyar Kula da Muhalli ta kasar.

Cibiyar Nazarin Geophysics ta kasar ta bayyana girgizar kasar a matsayin mafi karfi da aka taba samu a yankin a tarihin ta tare da lalata mafi yawan kyawawan birnin. Hukumomi sun kuma yi kiyasin cewa za a dauki biliyoyin daloli domin sake gina birnin da ke daya daga cikin manyan wuraren yawon bude ido na kasar Maroko.

Guguwar Libiya

A ranar 10 ga watan Satumba, birnin Derna da ke gabar tekun Bahar Rum na kasar Libya, ya fuskanci guguwa mai muni bayan ruwan sama kamar da bakin kwarya wanda kuma ya mamaye wasu garuruwa da dama da suka hada da, Benghazi, Al-Bayda, Al-Marj, da Soussa. Ambaliyar ruwan wadda ta dauki tsawon makonni da dama, a cewar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, ba a taba ganin irinta ba a yankin Maghreb da ma duniya baki daya ba a karni na 21.

Guguwar ta kuma kawo ruwan sama kamar da bakin kwarya da ruwa mai yawa wanda ya fashe madatsun ruwa biyu na birnin, wanda ya kashe mutane fiye da 11,000 tare da lalata gine-gine kusan 150,000. Rahotanni sun bayyana cewa, an share kashi daya bisa hudu na unguwannin birnin Derna daga taswirar yayin da bala’in ambaliya da ya addabi kasar ya shafi sama da mutane 100,000 da ke zaune a birnin.

Ambaliyar Ruwa A DRC

A farkon watan Mayun 2023, ruwan sama kamar da bakin kwarya ya afku a gabashin Jamhuriyar Dimokaradiyyar Kwango, wanda ya haddasa ambaliyar ruwa da zabtarewar laka, lamarin da ya yi sanadiyar mutuwar mutane fiye da 438, wasu dubbai kuma suka bace ko kuma suka rasa matsuguni. Hukumar agajin jin kai ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta ce ambaliyar ruwan da ba a taba ganin irin ta ba a yankin wani abu ne da ba a taba ganin irinsa ba tun shekaru da dama da suka gabata yayin da ayyukan ceton ke samun cikas sakamakon kasancewar mayakan M23 da suka mamaye yankin tsawon shekaru.

Guguwar Freddy

A cikin shekarar da ta gabata, guguwar Freddy ta ratsa kasashen Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe da kuma tsibirin Madagascar da Mauritius, inda ta yi sanadiyyar mutuwar dubban mutane da barnata dukiya da ta kai biliyoyin daloli. Guguwar Freddy ta fara afkawa a Mozambik a matsayin guguwar rukuni na 2 da iskar gudun kilomita 110 a cikin awanni 110, lamarin da ya haddasa ambaliyar ruwa da ta yi sanadin mutuwar mutane 1,434, yayin da mutane 184,000 suka rasa muhallansu.

Daga Mozambik, guguwar ta sauka a Malawi, inda mutane 679 suka mutu, sannan 537, kafin ta afkawa Madagascar da 17, Mozambique, 198 Zimbabwe, 2, da Mauritius 1. Don haka Freddy ya zama sananne a matsayin guguwa ta biyu mafi muni a duk Kudancin Hemisphere, bayan guguwar 1973 da ba a bayyana sunanta ba a Indonesiya wanda bayanai suka nuna ya kashe mutane 1,650.

Zabtarewar Kasa A DR Congo Da Rwanda

DR Congo da makwabciyarta Rwanda sun sake zama cibiyar wata mummunar zaftarewar kasa da ambaliyar ruwa ta kashe akalla mutane 574 tare da raba dubbai da muhallansu, yayin da ruwan sama kamar da bakin kwarya ya afkawa kasashen biyu da ke makwabtaka da juna a karshen watan Afrilu da farkon watan Mayu.

A kasar Ruwanda, zaftarewar kasa da ta biyo bayan ambaliyar ruwan ta mamaye arewaci da yammacin Ruwanda, inda ta lalata gidaje 5,000 tare da kashe akalla mutane 129.

Gobarar Daji A Algeria Da Tunisiya

Kasashen biyu na arewacin Afirka na Aljeriya da Tunisiya ba su tsira daga bala’o’in da suka addabi Afirka a shekarar 2023 ba, yayin da gobarar daji ta barke a kasashen biyu, lamarin da ya yi sanadiyar mutuwar mutane da dama. A Aljeriya, zazzafar zafafa ta kashe mutane fiye da 34 da suka hada da sojoji 10 tare da tilasta kwashe jama’a.

Yayin da yanayin zafi ya kai ma’aunin Celsius 48 (Fahrenheit 118) a wasu sassan kasar da ke arewacin Afirka, an ba da rahoton gobara 97 a larduna 16, da iska mai karfi ta kaure. Gobarar ta barke ne a wuraren zama wanda ya tilastawa ma’aikatar harkokin cikin gida kwashe mutane 1,500 daga lardunan Bejaia, Bouira da Jijel da ke gabashin Algiers babban birnin kasar.

A kasar Tunisia makwabciyarta, yanayin zafi ya kai kusan maki 50 a ma’aunin celcius, lamarin da ya haddasa gobarar daji da ta barke a wani dajin pine da ke kusa da kan iyaka da kasar Aljeriya inda hukumomin kasar suka bayyana cewa an kona gandun daji mai girman kadada 470. Akalla mutane 300 ne aka kwashe ta ruwa da kuma ta kasa daga kauyen Melloula, a cewar jami’an tsaron kasar.

Zaftarewar Kasa A Tanzaniya

A farkon watan Disamba, akalla mutane 47 ne aka tabbatar sun mutu yayin da wasu 85 suka jikkata sakamakon zaftarewar kasa sakamakon ambaliyar ruwa a arewacin Tanzaniya. A cewar shugaban gundumar Janeth Mayanja, garin Katesh mai tazarar kilomita 300 daga arewacin Dodoma babban birnin kasar ne ambaliyar ta fi shafa.

A cikin wata sanarwa da MDD ta fitar, ta alakanta lamarin da wani fari da ba a taba ganin irinsa ba wanda ya afku a gabashin Afirka sakamakon mamakon ruwan sama da ambaliyar ruwa da ke da nasaba da yanayin El Nino. Kungiyar ta duniya ta bayyana El Nino a matsayin yanayin yanayi da ya samo asali daga Tekun Pasifik kuma yana haifar da karuwar zafi a duniya, wanda ke kawo fari ga wasu yankuna da ruwan sama mai yawa a wasu wurare. Ambaliyar ruwan ta kuma raba mutane fiye da miliyan guda a Somaliya tare da halaka daruruwan mutane.

Ambaliyar Ruwa A Kenya

Har ila yau, an fuskanci ambaliyar ruwa a Kenya wanda ya yi sanadin mutuwar mutane sama da 40 yayin da sama da mutane 58,000 suka rasa muhallansu, a cewar rahotanni daga kungiyoyin agaji. A wata hira da aka yi da shi, babban sakataren kungiyar agaji ta Red Cross ta Kenya, Dr Ahmed Idris, ya ce akalla kananan hukumomi 19 daga cikin 47 na kasar ne ambaliyar ruwa ta shafa a karshen watan Oktoban 2023.

“A yanzu haka mutane 46 ne suka rasa rayukansu sakamakon ruwan sama da ambaliyar ruwa,” inji Idris. “A halin yanzu yankunan da lamarin ya fi shafa su ne arewacin kasar, musamman a kananan hukumomin Samburu, Wajir, Isiolo, Marsabit da kuma Mandera. Sai dai kuma ambaliyar da kogin Tana ya yi a baya-bayan nan ya shafi yankunan gabashin kasar da suka hada da kananan hukumomin Tana da Garissa,” Idris ya kara da cewa.

Zabtarewar Kasa A Kamaru

A farkon watan Oktoba, akalla mutane 30 ne aka bayar da rahoton cewa sun mutu bayan ruwan sama kamar da bakin kwarya a Yaoundé, babban birnin kasar Kamaru, ya haddasa zabtarewar laka da ambaliya a cikin al’ummomin da ke gefen tsaunuka a gundumar Mbankolo da ke wajen birnin. Ministan kula da yankunan kasar Kamaru (MINAT), Atanga Nji Paul, wanda ya ziyarci yankin da lamarin ya shafa, ya tabbatar da cewa mutane 30 ne suka rasa rayukansu a wannan bala’in, kana ana fargabar bacewar wasu mutane, yayin da kungiyoyin agaji ke neman wadanda suka makale a karkashin kasa. Kimanin mutane 50 ne aka ruwaito sun jikkata tare da lalata gidaje akalla 30.

Mutuwar Masu Hakar Ma’adanai A Zambiya

A farkon watan Disamba, an ce sama da masu hakar ma’adinai 30 sun makale a lokacin da wata mahakar Copper ta rufta a yankin Chingola, mai tazarar kilomita 400 daga arewacin Lusaka, babban birnin kasar Zambia.

A cewar ministan harkokin cikin gida Jack Mwiimbu, wanda ya yiwa majalisar bayani kan lamarin, yankin ya shahara wajen tonon tagulla ba bisa ka’ida ba. “Ko zan iya sanar da al’umma cewa muna da wani bala’i a Chingola,” in ji ministan ya fadawa majalisar. Ya kara da cewa, “Muna da mutane sama da 30 a karkashin baraguzan ginin ma’adanan wucin gadi.”

Bayan kwashe kwanaki ana gudanar da bincike mai tsanani da ya hada da masu aikin ceto da suka hada da jami’an soji da sauran manyan kamfanonin hakar ma’adinai, an gano gawarwaki kimanin 12 daga cikin baraguzan ginin.