Tsaro

Yadda Burkina Faso ta zama cibiyar rikici a yankin Sahel

A shekara ta 2014, lokacin da miliyoyin yan Burkina Faso suka kawo karshen mulkin shekaru 27 na Blaise Campaore ta hanyar tilasta masa sauka daga mulki, masu sa ido da manazarta sun yiwa abin da ya faru a yammacin Afirka lakabi da “Arab Spring”.

Shekarar da ta biyo baya an cigaba da zanga-zangar da aka yi a duk faɗin ƙasar ta kuma hana manyan runduna da ya kafa juyin mulki a kan gwamnatin wucin gadi. Kamar yadda aka zaɓi Roch Marc Christian Kabore a matsayin shugaban ƙasa a zaɓen 2015, jama’a masu fata suna rera cewa, “babu wani abu da zai kasance kamar da.”

Basu san me ke tafe ba.

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Abin da ya fara a matsayin tawaye a makwabciyarta Mali da Abzinawa yan tsiraru suka yi a shekarar 2012, ya sanya yankin na Sahel ƙuna, ta hanyar shiga tsaka mai wuya a tsakanin al’ummomi, wuraren da ba a gudanar da mulki da kuma batutuwan tsaro, kungiyoyi daban-daban masu dauke da makamai masu alaka da al-Qaeda da ISIL (ISIS) suna kwace yankuna, suna sarrafa harkokin tattalin arziki da kuma haifar da rashin zaman lafiya na siyasa.

Kasar Burkina Faso dai ta samu kaso mai tsoka na rikicin, wanda kungiyar Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM) mai alaka da al-Qaeda ke jagoranta, kungiyar ta’addanci mafi sauri a duniya.

A cewar wani rahoton Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na baya-bayan nan, kusan daya cikin kowane mutum hudu a Burkina Faso, kasa mai mutane miliyan 20, na bukatar agajin gaggawa na gaggawa. Kimanin mutane miliyan 1.7 ne kuma suka rasa matsugunansu saboda rashin tsaro.

Bayanai na baya-bayan nan sun nuna cewa, kasar da ba ta da kogi ta maye gurbin kasar Mali, wadda ita ce mahaifar rikicin yankin Sahel, a matsayin cibiyar rikicin.

A cewar kungiyar Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED), babban mai tattara kididdigar rikice-rikice, jimillar tashe tashen hankulan siyasa 1,315 da suka hada da fashe fashe da cin zarafin fararen hula, an rubuta su a Burkina Faso a bara. Haɓakar ninki biyu daga alkalumman 2020.

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