Jihohin Da Suka Fi Noman Gero A Najeriya

Najeriya ita ce kasa ta 3 a duniya wajen noman gero bayan Indiya da China, kuma kasar da ke kan gaba wajen noman gero a Afrika, ta bayan ta itace Nijar da Mali. Fannin da ake nomawa a Najeriya sune; Jihohin Kaduna, Yobe, Kano, Borno da sauran wasu jihohi.

Yana da muhimmin amfanin gona na abinci a Asiya kamar Indiya, da kuma a Afirka kamar Najeriya, Mali da Nijar (yanayin da ba a iya gani ba), samar da wannan amfanin gona na tsabar kuɗi da ƙasashen da aka ambata ya kai kusan kashi 97% na noman gero a duk faɗin duniya ciki har da Sin.

Gero suna da sunan Botanical na Panicum, yana cikin rukunin ciyayi masu ƙanƙanta sosai, kuma galibi ana shuka shi azaman amfanin gona don abinci na ɗan adam da kiwo.

Dangane da fari da sauran matsanancin yanayi, amfanin gona na gero zai iya rayuwa, yana da ɗan gajeren lokacin girma kuma yana girma a cikin yanayin zafi da bushewa.

Akwai nau’ikan gero iri-iri kamar;

Gero mai tsini: wanda aka sani da Pennisetum glaucum; gero da aka fi nomawa da kuma amfanin gona mai mahimmanci a Indiya da sassan Afirka galibi a arewacin Najeriya.

Yana da jurewar fari, kuma yana girma sosai a cikin ƙasa tare da ƙarancin haihuwa, babban salinity ko ƙarancin pH da zafin jiki mai girma.

Ya zo da launin zinari, rawaya, da fari.

Geron yatsa: yana da sunan botanical Eleusine coracana, kuma yana da launin ja-ja-jaja, sau da yawa ana kiransa “ja gero”.

Kamar gero lu’u-lu’u kuma ana shuka shi ne a cikin ɓangarorin Afirka da Asiya kuma shuka ce ta shekara-shekara.

Geron prosco: ana kiranta da Panicum miliaceum, yana dacewa da kyau a cikin ƙasa mara kyau da yanayin yanayi, kamar sauran, ciyawa ce ta shekara-shekara, tana da ɗan gajeren lokacin girma amma yana buƙatar ruwa kaɗan.

Ya zo cikin kirim, rawaya, orange-ja, ko launin ruwan kasa. Irin wannan gero ba a noma shi a Afirka, ana shuka shi ne don ciyar da dabbobi ko kuma a matsayin nau’in tsuntsu a Amurka, kuma ya sha bamban da gero lu’u-lu’u, gero foxtail, gero yatsa, ko kuma gardi.

Geron Foxtail: yana da sunan Botanical Setaria italica, kuma ya rubuta cewa yana da tarihin noma mafi tsayi tsakanin sauran gero, nau’in launin iri daga launin toka zuwa fari da sauransu, bisa ga nau’in.

Gabaɗaya, gero yana da gina jiki kuma yana da wadatar fiber na abinci, baƙin ƙarfe, calcium, da bitamin B. Ana amfani da shi sosai wajen toya biredi a matsayin garin gero, ana kuma iya dafa shi ko kuma a yi amfani da shi a madadin alkama, kuma a Najeriya kamar yadda ake yawan amfani da shi a kasashen Afirka, ana amfani da shi wajen yin porridge ko ruwan gero, wanda aka fi sani da kunu.