Shugaban Kasar Zambia Na Farko Ya Mutu (Tarihin Shi)

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Kaunda, who ruled Zambia from 1964 to 1991, died at a hospital in Lusaka where he was being treated for pneumonia.

Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia’s founding president and liberation hero, has died at a military hospital in Lusaka where he was being treated for pneumonia, his son, Kambarage, said on Thursday. He was 97.

Kaunda ya mulki kasar Zambiya daga shekarar 1964, lokacin da kasar da ke yankin Afirka ta kudu ta sami ‘yencin kanta daga hannun Biritaniya, har zuwa 1991, sannan daga baya ta zama daya daga cikin kasashen Afirka masu himmar yaki da cutar kanjamau.

“Ina bakin cikin sanar da (mambobin) cewa mun rasa Mzee (tsohon). Mu yi masa addu’a, ”in ji Kambarage a shafin Facebook na marigayi.

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Tsohon shugaban ya kasance ba shi da lafiya kuma an kwantar da shi a asibitin Maina Soko da ke Lusaka a farkon makon nan.

Duk da cewa tattalin arzikin Zambiya mai arzikin tagulla ya yi mummunan rauni a lokacin da yake kan mukaminsa na tsawon lokaci, amma za a ci gaba da tuna shi Kaunda saboda rawar da ya taka wajen yaki da mulkin mallaka wanda ya tsaya kan fararen fata marasa rinjaye a kasashen Kudancin Afirka kamar Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, Afirka ta Kudu da Rhodesia, yanzu Zimbabwe.

Ya raba rashi da iyalai marasa adadi suka fuskanta a Afirka lokacin da dansa Masuzyo ya mutu daga cutar kanjamau a 1986, kuma ya fara kai harin kan cutar.

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“Wannan shi ne babban kalubale ga Afirka. Dole ne mu yaki cutar kanjamau kuma dole ne mu yi hakan yanzu, “kamar yadda ya fada wa kamfanin dillacin labarai na Reuters a 2002.

“Mun yaki mulkin mallaka. Dole ne yanzu muyi amfani da irin wannan himmar don yakar cutar kanjamau, wacce ke barazanar shafe Afirka. ”

Thearami daga cikin yara takwas, mahaifin Kaunda ya mutu yana ɗan shekara takwas. Mahaifiyarsa malama ce – sana’a ce da ba kasafai ake mata matan Zambiya ba a wancan lokacin.

Ya fara siyasarsa a matsayin sakataren shirya kungiyar Arewacin Rhodesia African National Congress (ANC) a Lardin Arewacin Zambiya.

Amma a 1958 ya balle daga ANC ya kafa Zambia African National Congress (ZANC). Hukumomin mulkin mallaka sun dakatar da shi bayan shekara guda, kuma an tsare Kaunda a babban birnin Lusaka tsawon watanni tara.

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ZANC ta zama United Party for Development Development (UNIP) a 1959.

A shekara mai zuwa aka sake Kaunda daga kurkuku kuma aka zaɓe shi shugaban UNIP. Daga nan sai ya zura ido yana shirya rashin biyayya ga jama’a da aka sani da yakin Cha-cha-cha.

Falsafar Mahatma Gandhi ce ta sa Kaunda ya jajirce ga ka’idojin da ba na tashin hankali ba.

Ta amfani da kwarewar iya magana wajen kira ga jama’a, Kaunda ya sami ‘yanci ga kasarsa ba tare da tashin hankali ba a 1964. A matsayinsa na shugaban UNIP, ya mulki Zambiya tsawon shekaru 27.