Tsaro

Mali da Faransa: Lokaci ne na zaman ɗar-ɗar, kuma ya hakan ke faruwa?

Kayan yaƙi na sojojin Faransa a Mali

Gwamnatin mulkin soji a Mali ta kori jakadan Faransa, alama ta baya-bayan nan na takun saka tsakanin kasar da ke yammacin Afirka da tsohuwar ƙasar da ta yi musu mulkin mallaka.

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Rikicin dai na zuwa ne a dai dai lokacin da manyan kasashen yammacin duniya ke cewa an jibge sojojin haya na Rasha da ke aiki da kungiyar Wagner mai cike da cece-kuce a kasar Mali, kasar da ke tsakiyar rikicin da aka dade ana fama da shi a yankin Sahel, inda aka girke dubban sojojin Faransa domin yakar kungiyoyi masu dauke da makamai.

Amma ta yaya Paris da Bamako suka kai ga wannan matakin? Anan ga jerin lokuta na mahimman abubuwan da suka faru kwanan nan:

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A ranar 18 ga Agusta, 2020, gungun sojojin Mali karkashin jagorancin Kanar Assimi Goita sun hambarar da zababben shugaban kasar Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, wanda ke fuskantar zanga-zangar nuna fushi kan gazawar gwamnati na dakile tashin hankalin.

Ana dai kallon juyin mulkin a matsayin wani rauni ga shugaban Faransa Emmanuel Macron, wanda ya goyi bayan Keita da kuma kokarin kyautata alaka da kasashen da suka yi wa mulkin mallaka a Afirka.

A ranar 30 ga Maris, 2021, a wani kakkausan suka ga sojojin Faransa a Mali, masu bincike na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya sun zargi sojojin Faransa da alhakin kashe akalla fararen hula 19 a wurin wani bikin aure a tsakiyar Mali a wani samame da aka kai watanni uku.

Faransa ta musanta wannan binciken, tana mai cewa dakarunta sun auna “kungiyar ta’addanci dake dauke da makamai” kuma ta ce tana da ‘yan ra’ayi da dama game da tsarin da aka yi amfani da shi a binciken Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.

A ranar Mayu 25, Goita ya kori gwamnatin farar hula da aka naɗa don sa ido kan lokacin miƙa mulki, wanda ya jefa ƙasar cikin rashin tabbas. An nada shi shugaban riko a ranar 28 ga Mayu.

Dangane da kwace ikon, Faransa ta dakatar da ayyukanta na hadin gwiwa tare da sojojin Mali a ranar 3 ga watan Yuni, tana jiran garantin” cewa farar hula sun koma kan madafun iko.

A ranar 10 ga watan Yuni, shugaban Faransa Emmanuel Macron ya ba da sanarwar wani gagarumin “canji” da raguwar kasancewar sojojin Faransa a yankin Sahel inda kusan sojoji 5,100 – a fadin Burkina Faso, Chadi, Mali, Mauritania da Nijar – suke gudanar da ayyukanta a karkashin ayyukanta na Barkhane.

Faransa ta yanke shawarar ci gaba da aikin soji a Mali a ranar 3 ga Yuli, da kuma ayyukan ba da shawarwari.

A ranar 14 ga Satumba, Faransa ta gargadi Mali game da yarjejeniya da Wagner yayin da rahotanni suka bayyana gwamnatin mulkin sojan kasar na dab da daukar sojojin haya 1,000.

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