Gombe State is a state located in the northeastern part of Nigeria. It was created on October 1, 1996, during the military era of General Sani Abacha. The state was carved out of Bauchi State, and it is named after the capital city, Gombe.
However, the history of the region can be traced back to colonial times when it was known as the Bauchi Emirate.
Before the colonization by the British, Gombe State was inhabited by various ethnic groups such as the Tangale, Fulbe, Kanuri, and Waja. The Bauchi Emirate, which included present-day Gombe State, was an influential political and economic center in the region. It became a British protectorate in the early 1900s, and its jurisdiction expanded to encompass more territories.
However, it was not until Nigeria gained independence in 1960 that the region became part of the newly created Bauchi State.
During the military regime of General Sani Abacha, Gombe State was carved out of Bauchi State to promote grassroots development and better governance. The state has made significant progress since its creation, particularly in improving infrastructure and social amenities.
Today, Gombe State is known for its agricultural potential, with a significant portion of its population engaged in farming and livestock rearing. The state also boasts natural attractions such as the Gombe National Park, which is home to various wildlife species.
In conclusion, the history of Gombe State is intertwined with the larger historical context of Nigeria. From being part of the Bauchi Emirate to becoming an independent state, the region has witnessed various political and social changes.
Gombe State has grown since its creation, focusing on agricultural development and improving the lives of its citizens. With its rich history and natural resources, Gombe State continues to be a significant part of Nigeria’s cultural and economic landscape.