Taskar Labarai

Cin Hanci: Sunayen Manyan Ɓarayi (7) A Tarihin Najeriya

Cin hanci da rashawa a Najeriya ya samo asali ne tun lokacin mulkin mallaka. Ba magana ce ƴar ƙarama ba, kuma ba shakka ba al’amari ne na shekara daya ba da yake dagula kasar ba.

Muna kuka a halin da muke ciki na tabarbarewar tattalin arziki a yau saboda zunuban wasu mutanen da suka nemi dama sannan kuma suka samu daga suke shayar ruwan zafi.

Yayin da muke rayuwa don yin addu’a ga Najeriya ta kara rayuwa mai albarka, bari mu ci gaba da lura da wadannan ‘Ƴan Rashawa’.

1. Sani Abacha: Abacha ya kasance shugaban mulkin soja a Najeriya daga 1993 har zuwa rasuwarsa a shekarar 1998. Sanni Abacha tare da hadin gwiwar mai ba shi shawara kan harkokin tsaro, Alhaji Ismaila Gwarzo, sun zagaya dala biliyan 1.4 daga kasar nan zuwa asusu na ketare ta hanyar aikewa da cakin matafiya daga CBN zuwa Gwarzo.

2. James Ibori: James Ibori tsohon gwamnan jihar Delta ne daga 1999 zuwa 2007. Wannan shine wanda zamu iya kiransa “Big Con”. Shi mutum ne mai wayo da ban dariya. An fara tuhumar Ibori ne da laifin zamba a shekarar 2007 lokacin da ‘yan sandan Burtaniya suka kai farmaki ofishin lauya Gohil Bhadresh, inda suka gano wasu ma’aikatun da suka bayyana yadda wasu kamfanoni da ke bakin teku ke gudanar da a madadin Ibori ta Gohil, wakilin amintattu Daniel Benedict. McCann, da kuma mai kula da harkokin kuɗi Lambertus De Boer. Daga baya aka daure dukkan wadannan mutanen na tsawon shekaru 30 a gidan yari. An daskarar da kadarorinsa na kusan fam miliyan 17 (dala miliyan 35). Ya ki amincewa da duk wasu tuhume-tuhumen da ake masa inda ya ce makarkashiya ce ta shugaban EFCC na lokacin Nuhu Ribadu. A watan Disambar 2007, shugaban hukumar EFCC, Nuhu Ribadu ya sake gurfanar da shi a Najeriya bisa zargin almundahanar kudi amma aka wanke shi. Ribadu ya bayyana yadda Ibori ya yi kokarin ba shi cin hancin dala miliyan 15.

An sake gurfanar da shi a shekarar 2010 kan bashin Naira miliyan 40 da aka karkatar da shi amma ya gudu daga kasar. An neme shi a Birtaniya, an kuma kama ’yan’uwansa mata da laifin zamba.

3. Diepreye Peter Alamieyeseigha: Alamieyeseigha kuma tsohon gwamnan jihar Bayelsa ne. An fara tuhumarsa ne a shekara ta 2005 a birnin Landan da laifin karkatar da kudade bayan da aka gano tsabar kudi fam miliyan daya a gidansa da ke Landan, jimillar kudi fam miliyan £1.8m ($3.2m) na tsabar kudi da asusun banki da kuma gidaje hudu a birnin Landan na kimanin fam miliyan 10.

A shekarar 2007, an gurfanar da shi a gaban wata kotu a Najeriya, inda aka yanke masa hukuncin daurin shekaru 12 a gidan yari bisa wasu tuhume-tuhume 6 daban-daban, amma daga bisani shugaba Goodluck Jonathan ya yi masa afuwa a shekarar 2013. A cikin 2012, Ma’aikatar Shari’a ta Amurka ta aiwatar da odar kwacewa akan dala 401,931 a cikin asusun dillalan Massachusetts mai alaka da Alamieyeseigha.

An bayyana cewa ya tsere daga Birtaniya ne bayan belinsa cikin shigar mata.

4. Bode George: Bode George ya kasance tsohon shugaban hukumar kula da tashoshin jiragen ruwa ta Najeriya a gwamnatin Obasanjo.

A shekarar 2005, an zarge shi da zambar Naira biliyan 85, inda EFCC ta kai shi kotu a karkashin jagorancin Nuhu Ribadu.

Sai dai Farida Waziri ta karbi ragamar shari’ar ne a shekarar 2008 kuma an same shi da laifuffuka 47 na laifuka 68 da EFCC ta gurfanar da shi. An yanke masa hukuncin daurin watanni 30 a gidan yari amma a shekara ta 2013 kotu ta sake shi inda ta wanke shi daga dukkan tuhume-tuhume.

5. Diezani Allison-Madueke: Diezani ita ce mace ta farko a matsayin shugabar kungiyar OPEC. Ta kasance tsohuwar ministar sufuri sannan ta zama ministar albarkatun man fetur.

Ana tuhumar ta ne da laifin karkatar da dala biliyan 20 wanda Gwamnan CBN na wancan lokacin, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi ya yi ta tofa albarkacin bakinsa.

A shekarar 2009, majalisar dattawa ta tuhume ta da karkatar da naira biliyan 1.2 ba bisa ka’ida ba. A shekarar 2015 gwamnatin tarayya ta tabbatar da kama ta a Landan tare da wasu mutane hudu bisa zarginsu da cin hanci da rashawa.

A ranar 28 ga watan Agustan 2017, wata kotun tarayya a Najeriya ta ba da umarnin a kwace naira biliyan 7.6 kwatankwacin dalar Amurka miliyan 21 daga duk wani asusun ajiyar banki da ke da alaka da ita.

6. Sambo Dasuki; Dasuki ya kasance mai baiwa kasa shawara kan harkokin tsaro a lokacin gwamnatin Goodluck Jonathan.

A shekarar 2015 ne aka kama shi bisa umarnin shugaba Buhari Muhammadu da laifin karkatar da dala biliyan 2 da aka ware domin siyan makamai a lokacin Jonathan tare da cire masa fasfo.

7. Olisa Metuh: Hukumar EFCC ta kama Olisa Metuh a shekarar 2016 bisa laifin karkatar da kudaden makamai na Naira miliyan 400 a lokacin gwamnatin Goodluck Jonathan.

An daure shi a ranar 25 ga Fabrairu, 2020.

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